Prior to entering Salaat (prayer), the person is required to
undertake a certain purification procedure known as "Wudhu" without
which, the person's prayer would not be acceptable in the sight of "Allah (subhanahu
wa ta'ala). This performance is called wudhu and is
preferably carried out as follows:
Abu Hurairah (radhiAllaahu'anhu) said: Rasoolullah (sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam) said: The Prayer of anyone of you breaching purification is not accepted unless he makes wudoo. [Al-Bukhaaree, (Fath ul-Baaree, 1/206), Muslim (no.225) and others].
Ibn 'Umar (radhiAllaahu 'anhumaa) said: Indeed I heard Rasoolullah (sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam) say: Allah does not accept Prayer without purification, nor Sadaqah from illegally attained wealth. [Muslim (1/160) and others].
Narrated from Abu Hurayrah that the Messenger of Allaah
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “When the
Muslim or believing slave does wudoo’ and washes his face, every
wrong thing that he looked at with his eyes comes out from his
face with the water or with the last drop of water. When he
washes his hands, every wrong thing that he did with his hands
comes out from his hands with the water or with the last drop of
water. When he washes his feet every wrong thing that he walked
to with his feet comes out from his feet with the water or with
the last drop of water, until he emerges cleansed of sin.”
Narrated from ‘Umar ibn al-Khattaab (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “There is no one among you who does wudoo; and does it well, then says, Ashhadu an laa ilaaha ill-Allaah wahdahu laa shareeka lah, wa ashhadu anna Muhammadan ‘abduhu wa rasooluhu (I bear witness that there is no god except Allaah alone, with no partner or associate, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger) but the eight gates of Paradise will be opened for him and he will enter through whichever one he wants.” Narrated by Muslim, 234.
The Definition of Wudhu
Wudhu in the Arabic Language: Wudoo is the action, and wudhu the water used.
Therefore - and it is also a verbal noun; or they are two forms of the same word, both meaning the verbal-noun and maybe both referring also to the water used.
Wudoo in the Sharee'ah: Wudoo is using clean and cleansing (Tuhoor) water upon certain body parts as Allaah ta'ala has prescribed and
HOW TO PERFORM WUDHU
| Declare the intention for Wudhu in your heart
|| Rasoolullah (sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam) himself explained in the hadeeth narrated by 'Umar (radhiAllaahu 'anhu) in the Sahihain Verily the actions are by intention and there is for everyone only what he intended... [Fath-ul-Baaree, 1/9, and Muslim, 6/48]. At-Tasmiyyah (Mentioning Allaah's Name)
||Say Bismillah (In the Name of Allah).
||Abu Hurairah (radhiAllaahu' anhu) said
that Rasoolullah (sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam) said There is no
wudoo for him who does not mention Allaah's name upon it.
[Reported by Ibn Maajah (no.399), At-Tirmidhee (no.26), Abu Dawood
(no.101) and others. Ash-Shaikh al-Albaani says: hadeeth Saheeh
(Saheeh ul-Jaarni', no.7444)].
||Wash the right hand up to
and including the wrists. Make sure to while rub and rub between
the fingers of the hand. And thus make sure no part of the hand is left
dry. Three times
Then do the same with the left hand. (also three times)
|Humraan (radhiAllaahu'anhu) narrates
that 'Uthmaan called for water to make wudoo and washed his hands
three times... then said: I saw Rasoolullah (sallallaahu 'alaihi
wa sallam)make wudoo just as I have made wudoo . [Al-Bukhaaree and
Muslim, and as preceded].
And in the hadeeth of Abdullaah ibn Zaid (radhiAllaahu'anhu) he
was asked about the wudoo of the Prophet (sallallaahu 'alaihi wa
sallam), so he called for a bowl of water and made wudoo from it
as the Prophet (sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam) made wudoo, and he
poured out water from the bowl upon his hand and washed it three
times. [Al-Bukhaaree (al Fath, l/255), Muslim, 3/121].
Aus ibn Abi Aus reports from his grandfather (radhiAllaahu
'anhu) who said: I saw Rasoolullah (sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam)
make wudoo washing his hands three times. [Ahmad (4/9), An-Nasaa'ee
(1/55) - with saheeh isnaad].
|| Make a cup with
the right hand then from this hand take water into your mouth and
swirl it inside the mouth and then expel out of mouth. then sniff
remaining water from the cupped right hand and sniff water into
the nose and then blow the
water out and using the left hand remove the water
from your nose. Do this three times
Some people rinse the mouth first three times and then rinse
the nose three times
However the first method is the most authentic.
|'Abdullaah ibn Zaid al-Ansaaree said
that it was said to him: Perform for us the wudoo of Rasoolullah
(sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam), so he called for a pot of water. Until
he said: So he washed his mouth and nose with a
single handful and did that three times. [Al-Bukhaaree and
the hadeeth of 'Amr ibn Yahyaa (radhiAllaahu 'anhu) he said: And
he washed his mouth and nose using three handfuls of water.
an-Nawawi says: And in this hadeeth is a clear proof for the
correct opinion that the sunnah in washing the mouth and nose is
that it should be with three handfuls of water - washing the mouth
and nose [together] with each of them.
Abu Hurairah (radhiAllaahu'anhu) narrates that the Prophet
(sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam) said When one of you makes
wudoo then let him enter water into his nose, then expel it.
[Al-Bukhaaree (al-Fath, 1/229), Muslim (no.237), Abu Dawood (no.
in the hadeeth of Laqeet (radhiAllaahu 'anhu) who said: O
Rasoolullah (sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam), inform me of the
wudoo . He said Complete the wudoo and rub between the fingers
and exert in breathing in the water into the nose unless you are
fasting. [Abu Dawood, no.l42; At-Tirmidhee, no.38; An-nasaa'ee,
no.ll4; IbMaajah, no.407; and others]. (Declared as saheeh by Ibn
Hibbaan and al-Haalcim, and adh-Dhahabee agreed to that. Also
declared as saheeh by Ibn al Qaataan, An-Nawawi and Ibn Hajr.
Refer to the footnote in al-Baghawi's Sharh us-Sunnah: 1/417
Khair said: We were sitting looking towards 'Alee - as he made
wudoo - and he entered into his mouth a handful of water with his
right hand and washed his mouth and nose, then expelled it from
his nose with his left hand - he did that three times, then said:
Whoever would like to see the way of purification of Rasoolullah
(sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam) - then this is his purification.
[Reported by ad-Daarimee. Ash-shaikh al-Albaanee says in his notes
on al-Mishkaat: Its isnaad is saheeh].
||Wash the face three times, from the
hairline to the jawbone and chin, and from start of the ear to
start of the ear
A man should wash the hair of his beard by
taking a handful of water and entering it below his chin and
rubbing it through his beard and passing the wet fingers through
ibn Abaan narrates that 'Uthmaan (radhiAllaahu 'anhu) called for
water to make wudoo and so mentioned the way in which the Prophet
(sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam) made wudoo . Humraan said: Then he
washed his face three times. [Al-Bukhaaree (al-Fath, 1/312),
'Uthmaan (radhiAllaahu'anhu) narrates that the Prophet
(sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam) used to run his (wet fingers)
through his beard. [At-Tirmidhee (no.31), Ibn Maajah (no.430), Ibn
Jaarood (p.43) and al-Haakim (1/14~) who declared its isnaad as
saheeh as did Ibn Khuzaimah and Ibn Hibbaan. See the note in al-Baghagawi's
Sharh us-Sunnah, 1/421].
Anas (radhiAllaahu'anhu) narrates that the Prophet (sallallaahu'alaihi
wa sallam), when he made wudoo , used to take a handful of water
and enter it below his chin and rub it through his beard and said This
is what my Lord - the Great and Exalted - has ordered me to do. [Abo
Dawood (no.145), al-Baihaqee (1/54), al-Haakim (1/149). Ash-Shaikh
al-Albaani declares it to be saheeh (Saheeh ul-Jaami', no.4572)].
|| Wash the right arm up
to and including the elbow. Three times.
The arm extends from
the fingertips, including the nails, to the lower part of the
upper arm. It is essential to remove anything stuck to the hands
before washing them, such as dough, mud, paint, nail polish etc, that could
prevent the water from reaching the skin.
Do the same with the LEFT ARM . Three times
ibn Abaan reports that 'Uthmaan (radhiAllaahu'anhu) called for
water for wudoo and mentioned the Prophet's (sallallaahu 'alaihi
wa sallam) way of making wudoo - and Humraan said: Then he washed
his right arm including the elbow three times, then the left in
the same way. [Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim as has preceded].
Jaabir (radhiAllaahu'anhu) said that when the Prophet
(sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallarn) made wudoo , he would pass the
water over his elbows. [Reported by ad-Daaraqutnee (1/15), al-Baihaqee
(1/56) and others - Ibn Hajr declared it to be hasan. And
Ash-Shaikh al-Albaanee declared it to be saheeh (Saheeh ul-Jaami',
The proof in this matter is the hadeeth of Nu'aim ibn Mijmar who said: I saw Abu Hurairah make wudoo - he washed his face and completed the wudoo , then washed his right hand until he reached the upper arm, then his left hand till he reached the upper arm" - then in the end of the hadeeth he said: "This is how I saw Rasoolullah (sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam) make wudoo . [Muslim, 1/246]
|| Wet your hands in water,
Place both hands at
the front of the head (beginning of hairline) and wipe the head
backwards until you reach the nape. Then bring them back to the front of the
head (beginning of hairline). This is done once only
With regard to a woman’s hair,
she should wipe it whether it is loose or braided from the front
of her head to the roots of the hair at the nape and then bring
forward as above, but
she does not have to wipe the entire length of her hair.
|Al-Bukhaari (185) and
Muslim (235) narrated from ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Zayd (may Allaah be
pleased with him) that he described the wudoo’ of the Prophet
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him): … Then he wiped his
head with his hands, front to back. He started at the front of the
head and (wiped) until his hands reached the back of the head,
then he brought them back to where he started
||Clean the ears by inserting the tips
of the index fingers into the ears. Twist them round the
folds of the ears. Then wipe the back of the ears with your
thumbs. From bottom of the ear upwards. ONCE ONLY
||From 'Abdullaah ibn 'Amr - about the
way of performing wudoo - he said: Then he (sallallaahu 'alaihi wa
sallam) wiped his head and entered his two forefingers into
his ears and wiped the backs of his ears with his thumbs.
[Reported by Abu Dawood (no.135), an-Nasaa'ee (no.140), Ibn Maajah
(no.422) and authenticated by Ibn Khuzairnah].
||Wash the right feet up to
and including the ankles, three times,
should enter the water between the toes with your little finger
and then wash the foot (note not wipe feet but wash them) and make
sure you wash the sole of the foot and heals. Make sure no parts of the foot
is left dry
Wash the left feet same as the
right foot also three times.
Ibn 'Umar (radhiAllaahu 'anhumaa) said: Rasoolullah
(sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam) fell behind us and then came upon
us during a journey, then we found him and it was time for 'Asr -
so we began to make wudoo and wipe over our feet, so he
(sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam) called out at the top of his voice
Woe to the ankles from the Fire. (two or three times)
[Al-Bukhaaree (al Fath, 1/232) and Muslim, 3/128].
'Abdullah b. 'Amr reported: We returned from Mecca to Medina with the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him), and when we came to some water on the way, some of the people were in a hurry at the time of the afternoon prayer and performed ablution hurriedly; and when we reached them, their heels were dry, no water had touched them. The Prophet (may peace be upon him) said: Woe to (dry) heels, because of Hell-fire. Make your ablution thorough.
( Muslim Book 002, Number 0468)
The Du'aa After the Wudoo
Ashhadu an laa ilaaha ill-Allaah wahdahu laa
shareeka lah, wa ashhadu anna Muhammadan ‘abduhu wa rasooluhu.
( I bear witness that there is no god except Allaah
alone, with no partner or associate, and I bear witness that Muhammad is
His slave and Messenger.)
Allaahumm aj’alni min al-tawwaabeena waj’alni min
( O Allaah, make me one of those who repent
and make me one of those who purify themselves)
According to another hadeeth narrated in Sunan
al-Nasaa’i, one of the things that may also be said after wudoo’
is: “Subhaanaka Allaahumma wa bi hamdika, ashhadu an laa ilaaha ill
anta, astaghfiruka wa atoobu ilayka
(Glory and praise be to You, O
Allaah, I bear witness that there is no god but You, I seek Your
forgiveness and I repent to You).
||Note. The water must also be pure (taahir),
for impure (naajis) water cannot be used for wudoo’. One must
also remove anything that could prevent water from reaching the
skin and nails, such as nail polish.
In circumstances were water cannot be found, or there is only
just enough for drinking, or if water is injurious to health, in such
circumstances one can perform Tayammum (dry ablution ).
O you who believe! When you intend to offer As-Salat (the prayer), wash your faces and your hands (forearms) up to the elbows, rub (by passing wet hands over) your heads, and (wash) your feet up to ankles . If you are in a state of Janaba (i.e. had a sexual discharge), purify yourself (bathe your whole body). But if you are ill or on a journey or any of you comes from answering the call of nature, or you have been in contact with women (i.e. sexual intercourse) and you find no water, then perform Tayammum with clean earth and rub therewith your faces and hands. Allah does not want to place you in difficulty, but He wants to purify you, and to complete His Favour on you that you may be thankful.
Instances when At-Tayammum is Permitted
At-Tayammum is permitted only on specific instances as follows:
- Where the person cannot find water or the amount of water is not
sufficient for Wudhu. However, before
performing AT-Tayammum, the person is required to look for water
earnestly from any possible source.
- When a person is injured or ill and believes that the use of water
will worsen his/her condition, then, At-Tayammum is allowed.
- When water is too cold such that it may harm the person, AT-Tayammum
is allowed if the user cannot find means of heating the water.
- When water is nearby, but the person is not able to fetch it due
to fear for his/her life, family and wealth, (e.g. from an enemy
either beast or human in the vicinity) then, At-Tayammum may be
- When there is not enough water and one is forced to save what is
available for drinking and/or cooking, then, At-Tayammum is allowed.
The Earth (Soil) to be used for At-Tayammaum
This should be pure earth or soil and can be sand, stone or gypsum which
produce dust when hit with the hands.
How to Perform At-Tayammum
- Make intension inheart to perform
- Say Bismillah (In the Name of Allah).
- Strike both palms of hands on clean sand, dust or anything
containing these (e.g. wall or stone) .
- Blow into the palms
- Wipe the face using both palms.(once)
- Thereafter using the left palm to wipe over the back of the
right hand up to the wrist, and then, uses the right palm to wipe
over the back of the left hand up to the wrist.
- Finish with the Dua as given above for Wudhu.
Matters which Invalidate the Wudhu
The person will remain in a state of Wudhu until any of the following
matters is committed:
(1) Anything coming out of the Anus or
penis/vagina such as urine, feaces or gas etc.
(2) A person falling sound Sleep
(3) Becoming Unconscious - insanity or fainting or intoxication
(4) Touching the Uncovered Private Parts
(5) Touching a Woman
which leads to prostatic fluid or semen being emitted. A man
can touch, kiss and hug his wife and his wudhu will still be valid.
It will only break if these actions lead to the emmision of
prostatic fluid or semen.
In certain cases Wudhu is not suffient such as sexual impurity, impurity due to mentruation or nifaas (post natel bleeding) and some other cases .In such cases a
personn is required to make Ghusl
What is ghusl, when is it needed and how to perform Ghusl