In the name of Allah ,the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful

What to do when in a State of Jannabah if Ghusl will make illness worse or in extreme cold conditions

When a Muslim is in a state of Jannaba he/she must make ghusl before they can prayer

Allah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“If you are in a state of Janaaba (i.e. after a sexual discharge), purify yourselves (bathe your whole body)”

[al-Maa’idah 5:6]

Allah made us, knows what is best for us and knows everything. Allah is the most merciful and thus does not force us to do what is impossible and something beyond our ability.

 Allah has told us the reason for this law, as He says (interpretation of the meaning):
“Allah does not want to place you in difficulty, but He wants to purify you, and to complete His Favour to you that you may be thankful”

[al-Maa'idah 5:6]

 Therefore in situations were it is impossible to do Ghusl Allah has told us to perform Tayammum.

Allah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“But if you are ill or on a journey, or any of you comes after answering the call of nature, or you have been in contact with women (i.e. sexual intercourse), and you find no water, then perform Tayammum with clean earth”

[al-Maa’idah 5:6]

It was narrated that ‘Amr ibn al-‘Aas (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: I experienced a wet dream on a cold night during the campaign of Dhaat al-Salaasil, and I was afraid that if I did ghusl I would die, so I did tayammum, then I prayed Fajr with my companions. They mentioned that to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and he said: “O ‘Amr, did you lead your companions in prayer when you were junub?” I told him what had kept me from doing ghusl and I said: “I heard Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): ‘And do not kill yourselves (nor kill one another). Surely, Allaah is Most Merciful to you’ [al-Nisa’ 4:29].” The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) smiled and did not say anything.

Narrated by Abu Dawood, 334; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Abi Dawood.

So if do not have water nor are able to buy it then you can perform Tayammum. If the water is cold and you are unable to heat it and it will make you extremely ill then you can perform Tayammum.

So there is no excuse for anyone missing his or her prayers. Shaytaan will try to make the person feel as if they are impure if they have not performed ghusl and just performed Tayammum but we should remember that we are not better than the Sahabah and they prayed after performed Tayammum  when they were in the state of Jannaba because they could not find water or as the above hadith indicates when they feared they would die if they performed ghusl.

How to perform Tayammum

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